The battle between science and religion has been going on for thousands of years and even today there is no conclusion in sight. In his letter to an imaginary pastor Professor Edward O. Wilson pleads with the Pastor to find a way to bring Science and religion together to save the earth because it is in trouble. Wilson argues that there is no real difference between the men and that they are simple beings on the planet who must work together and join forces for a greater cause no matter what their ideology is.
Wilson’s thesis as well as qualifiers can be found in the sentence, “An alliance between science and religion, forged in an atmosphere of mutual respect may be the only way to protect life on earth, including, in the end, our own.” He believes that scientists and religious leaders need to put aside their differences and respect one another’s beliefs in order to save life on earth.
Though he takes the side of science he supports his warrants for the joint effort with religion by stating, “… all mainstream religious beliefs whether fundamentalist or liberal, is predicated upon the assumption that humanity is not alone, and we are here for life and purpose beyond our earthly existence. Science says that, as far as verifiable evidence tells, we are alone, and what significance we have is therefore of our own making.” Wilson is supporting his side while being open to what the religious beliefs may be and that we are all a part of something larger than ourselves. “The Abrahamic religions – Judaism, Christianity, and Islam — believe that the universe was constructed to be relevant to Humanity. The discoveries of science were, in unintended opposition, have reduced earth to an infinitesimal speck within an immensity of space unrelated to human destiny.” To which he means that there are different backgrounds to the ways the science and religion work, as one (religion) is supposed to keep the human people faithful and happy whereas the other (science) is more concerned about advances in the earth as a whole without thinking about the well- being of the future which is why the two need to team together to focus on the same thing for the greater good of humanity.
Wilson backs up his warrants by stating, “The spirituality reach of Evangelical Christianity is nowadays increasingly extended to the environment.” By religion becoming more involved with the environment there is a stronger appeal to how the environment is changing and the views of how science has changed things. In addition, Wilson says, “For decades, conservatives have defined environmentalism as a movement bent on strangling the United States with regulations and bureaucratic.” The way the people in control of the United States have been hiding what is really going on with the environment saying that it is another thing that will ruin the economy is another reason why there was a gap between religion and science. The intended audience is supposed to be anyone who sees the differences in science and religion as never ending and it is supposed to get people to change their views and work together for the greater good of the world.
The way that Wilson tries to get the religious world to work together with the scientific for the greater good of humanity is similar to the Le Vaux article in which he reports of the school in New Orleans with young adults working together to grow produce and compost to gain money for the local economy to build things up again after Katrina. In bringing very different aspects of society together — which may have an ongoing battle of what is correct – should be the goal in order to improve things on earth for the people now and for the future. Everyone can play a part in saving the environment, everyone needs to be respectful of others opinions and work together for the greater good.